Fabric Manufacturing

Gauze Fabric Properties and Uses

Gauze Fabric Properties and Uses

Gauze fabric is a thin, translucent fabric with a loose open weave. In this blog post, we will learn What is Gauze Fabric. Gauze Fabric Properties and Uses.

  You’re probably familiar with the cotton gauze bandages in your first-aid kit. 


What is Gauze Fabric?

Gauze, light, open-weave fabric made of cotton when used for surgical dressings and of silk and other fibers when used for dress trimming. The name is derived from that of the Palestinian city of Gaza, where the fabric is thought to have originated.


Origin and History


The gauze was originally made of silk and was used for clothing. It is now used for many different things, including gauze sponges for medical purposes. When used as a medical dressing, gauze is generally made of cotton. It is especially useful for dressing wounds where other fabrics might stick to the burn or laceration. Many modern medical gauzes are covered with a perforated plastic film such as Telfa or a polyblend which prevents direct contact and further minimizes wound adhesion.


Properties of Gauze Fabric: 


  • It is a sheer and lightweight fabric
  •  It has a soft feel
  • It drapes and gathers very well
  • Generally 100% cotton and less resilient
  • Gauze Fabric Characteristics




  • The gauze weave construction produces a fabric very light in weight and with an open mesh effect.


  • Leno weaves also produces curtain materials, some shirting, and dress goods.


  • This weave produces such light-weight fabrics that have a strength that could not be provided by plain weave.


  • The gauze weave is sometimes referred to as the leno weave because it is made on a Leno loom.


  • On the leno loom, the action of one warp yarn is similar to the action of the warp in the plain weave.


  • The doup attachment, a hairpin-like device at the heddle, alternately pulls the second warp yarn up or down to the right or left with each pick passage. This causes the pair of warps to be twisted, in effect, around each weft yarn.


  • The leno is sometimes used in combination with the plain weave to produce a stripe or figure on a plain background.


  • The fabric weight varies depending upon the thickness of the yarns, which could be of spun, filament or combinations of these yarns.


End Usages of Gauze Fabric


  • Fabrics made by leno weave include marquisette (It is a sheer, lightweight, leno weave fabric, usually made of filament yarns), mosquito netting, agro textiles to shade delicate plants, and some bags for laundry, fruit, and vegetables.


  • Casement draperies (Casement cloth is a general term for any open-weave fabric used for drapery or curtain fabrics. It is usually sheer.) are frequently made with leno-weave and novelty yarns.


  • Thermal blankets are sometimes made of leno weaves.


  • All these fabrics are characterized by sheerness or open spaces between the yarns. The crossed-yarn arrangement gives greater firmness and strength than plain-weave fabrics for a similar low count and minimizes yarn slippage.


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