In this blog post, we will try to give an overview of What is Bast Fiber and discuss the Top 10 Bast Fiber. So let’s begin.
What is Bast Fiber
Bast fibre (also called phloem fibre or skin fibre) is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the “inner bark”, sometimes called “skin”) or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants. It supports the conductive cells of the phloem and provides strength to the stem.
Top 10 Bast Fiber
Top 10 Bast Fiber
Jute fiber is a type of plant fiber that is widely known for its ability to be spun into strong and coarse threads. This fiber has some unique physical properties like high tenacity, bulkiness, sound & heat insulation property, low thermal conductivity, antistatic property, etc. Due to these qualities, jute fiber is more suited for the manufacture of technical textiles in certain specific areas.
Natural and organic fibers become more and more popular these years. Hemp fiber is one of the most environmentally friendly fiber. These fibers are cellulosic fibers. Hemp fibers are one of the strongest and most durable among all of the natural textile fibers. This fiber shows similar properties like all of the natural bast fiber and excels in fiber length, durability, strength, absorbency, and mildew, and anti-microbial properties.
Kenaf is primarily grown for its fiber. It has as amazing ability to grow up to 14 feet in one growing season, yielding around 6 to 10 tons of fiber per acre. fibers in kenaf are usually found in the bark, which constitutes 40% of the plant, and at the core which makes 60% of the plant. Kenaf fibers are used for making textiles, for more than thousands of years. The Egyptians used these fibers to make boat sails and other textiles. Fibers made from the outer layer of the plant were used for making cords, ropes, and storage bags.
Ramie (pronounced Ray-me) is one of the oldest vegetable fibers and has been used for thousands of years. It was used for Chinese burial shrouds over 2,000 years ago, long before cotton was introduced in the Far East. The ramie plant has been cultivated in eastern Asia for fiber since prehistoric times.
Roselle fiber is a type of natural fiber. It can be utilized as a potential reinforcement filler in polymer composites for different applications. It is a bast fiber that has great economical importance.
Read: Roselle Fiber Properties and Uses
Top 10 Bast Fiber
Crotalaria juncea, known as brown hemp, Indian hemp, Madras hemp, or sunn hemp Fiber. Sunn is likely native to the Indian subcontinent; where it has been cultivated since prehistoric times. The sunn plant is not true hemp. The fiber is made into cordage, fishing nets, sacking fabrics; canvas, and rug yarns and is used to manufacture such paper products as cigarette and tissue papers. The plant is also cultivated in many tropical countries as a green manure crop that is plowed under to fertilize the soil.
Urena Fiber is a bast fiber. It is one of the oldest fiber. The bast fiber from Urena lobata is widely used traditionally for making cordage and coarse textiles. And industrially as a substitute for jute (Corchorus spp.); for instance to make sacks; carpets, cordage, and upholstery.
Flax is also called Linen. The fiber is obtained from the stalk of a plant which is from 80 to 120 cm high, with few branches and small flowers, of a color that varies from white to intense blue, which flowers only for one day. Common flax was one of the first crops domesticated by man.
Read: Flax Fiber- | Properties | Uses |
China is a large, agricultural nation with more than 100 kinds of bast fiber plants. Chinese Abutilon theophrasti fiber (AF) ranks first in the world for yield; however, its application in the textile field is limited due to its characteristics. It is also known as Abutilon Fiber.
Abaca Fiber is extracted from the stalk of the plant. It is also known as Manila hemp. It is a Musasea family plant native to Asia and planted in humid areas including in the Philippines and East of Indonesia. Abaca fibers are extensively used to produce ropes, woven fabrics, tea bags, etc. It is also called biodegradable and sustainable fiber.
If you have any questions; leave a comment below. Ans stay tuned.
Actually, there is no difference between Bast Fiber and Phloem Fiber. Bast fiber is obtained from the phloem tissue of plants; that’s why it is also known as Skin Fiber or Phloem Fiber
Since the valuable fibers are located in the phloem; so they must be separated from the xylem material (“woody core”), and sometimes also from the epidermis. The process for this is called retting,