There are a number of Trims and Accessories used in Garments. The perspective of this post post is to give an overview on Garments Trims and Accessories List. So, Let’s Learn Step by Step and Click by Click.
Accessories cover all of the things except the main or base fabric and other trimmings required to dispatch (send out) the garments to the final destiny or to the buyer or customer. Or, the materials which are used to make a garment attractive for selling and packing other than fabric and trims is called accessories.
Types of Garments Accessories:
1.Accessories that are carried (Small pets, toy dog, cats, birds, snakes, taking parrots)
2.Accessories that are worn (Necklace, Umbrella, Bag, Parts etc) .
Hangtags are designed to draw attention to the garments and are hung on the side of the garment and sometimes in front of button line so that the customers can see them easily. Hangtags are printed paper tags hung from the garments by plastic staple or string. They usually show the brand name, style number, etc. It is regarded as one of the finishing accessories.
It is a type of tag printed with the sales price of the garment. It is usually supplied from the buyer’s side. The merchandiser usually takes it from the buyer and supplies to the folding section.
A polybag is a plastic bag used for packing garments. The garment is first folded as per direction of the order sheet then is packed. There are two types of polybag used in garments packing.
Carton is the name of certain types of containers typically made from paperboard which is also sometimes known as “cardboard”. Many types of cartons are used in packaging garments ready for shipment. The dimensions of the cartons depend on buyer instructions and the number of pieces of garments in each carton is given in the order sheet.
Scotch Tape is used to describe certain pressure sensitive tapes used for wrapping the cartons. Scotch tape is available in roll form and contains 25 yards in each roll. The approximate price of the scotch tape is USD 0.45 per roll.
A clip is a device which holds the fold portion of the garment together by means of pressure: it leaves the fold portion intact and can be quickly and easily removed, unlike the staple, which will damage the paper unless removed carefully, and will always leave two holes in the paper.
There are two basic types of clothes hangers. The first is the wire hanger and the second is the wooden hanger. There are also plastic coat hangers, which mostly mimic the shape of either a wire or wooden hanger. Plastic coat hangers are also produced in smaller sizes to accommodate the shapes of children’s clothes.
Garments Trims and Accessories List
The materials or components except the main fabric used in the garments are called trims. Besides the main fabric, various additional things are used for making the garments. Trims include Sewing Thread, Button, Zipper, Velcro, Label, Shoulder pad, Linings, Interlinings, etc.
Types of garments trims:
- Visible trims: This types of trims can be seen from outside of the garments e.g. Button, Sewing Thread, Zipper, Velcro, etc.
- Invisible trims: This types of trims cannot be seen from outside of the garments e.g. Interlining.
It is one of the most important types of trims used in garments. Almost all garments produced have one component in common; the sewing thread. Whilst sewing thread is usually a relatively a small percentage of the cost of garments, it has an extremely significant influence on the appearance and durability of the finished product. The production of sewing thread is an extensive and complex subject.
Types of sewing thread:
For practical purposes, sewing threads for clothing industry can be divided into three broad groups; Cotton, Synthetics and Core spun.
In clothing and fashion design, a button is a small plastic or metal disc- or knob-shaped, typically round, object usually attached to an article of clothing in order to secure an opening, or for ornamentation.
The special component which is attached outside of the garment for decorative purpose called motif. Company name, trade mark or other symbols can be written on the motif.
Linings are generally functional parts of a garment. They are used to maintain the shape of the garment to the hang and comfort by allowing it to slide over other garment. Linings are available as knitted and woven fabric made from polyester, poly-amide, acetate or viscose for use where decoration and warm handle is required. Linings are joined to main garment by sewing and for this purpose normal plain sewing machine is used.
Interlinings are used to support, reinforce and control the shape of some areas of garments such collar, cuffs, waist bands, facings and lappets of coat. They may be sewn into the garment or they may be attached by fusing. Now-a-days sewing interlinings are rarely used and the use of fusible interlining is wide. Interlinings are available in a wide variety of weights and constructions to match the base fabric of the garment.
Shoulder pad is a standard item in tailored garments for both women and men. Linings are used on the top and bottom of shoulder pad. As a result, the appearance becomes more attractive, comfortable and lasts for a long time. Shoulder pads are used for functional purposes and sometimes for decorative purposes.
A snap fastener is a pair of interlocking discs commonly used in place of buttons to fasten clothing. A circular lip under one-disc fits into a groove on the top of the other, holding them fast until a certain amount of force is applied. Snaps can be attached to fabric by hammering (using a specific punch and die set), plying, or sewing.
Garments Trims and Accessories List
Hook and eye closure:
A hook-and-eye closure is a clothing fastener that consists of two parts, each sewn to their respective pieces of cloth, one with a small protruding blunt hook, and the other with a small loop (also known as the “eye” or “eyelet”) protruding. To fasten the garment, the hook is slotted into the loop. Hook-and-eye closures are typically used in groups to provide sufficient strength to bear the forces involved in normal wear.
A frog fastening is an ornamental braiding for fastening the front of a garment that consists of a button and a loop through which it passes. The usual purpose of frogs is to provide a closure for a garment while decorating it at the same time. These frogs are usually used on garments that appear oriental in design.
Interfacing is a textile used on the unseen or “wrong” side of fabrics to make an area of a garment more rigid. Interfacing can be used to:
- Stiffen or add body to fabric, such as the interfacing used in shirt collars.
- Strengthen a certain area of the fabric, for instance where buttonholes will be sewn.
- Keep fabrics from stretching out of shape, particularly knit fabrics.
Bias tape is a narrow strip of fabric, cut on the bias (UK cross-grain). The strip’s fibers, being at 45 degrees to the length of the strip, make it stretcher as well as more fluid and more drape able compared to a strip that is cut on grain. Many strips can be pieced together into a long “tape.” The tape’s width varies from about 1/2″ to about 3″ depending on applications. Bias tape is used in making piping, binding seams, finishing raw edges, etc. It is often used on the edges of quilts, place-mats, and bibs, around armhole and neckline edges instead of a facing, and as a simple strap or tie for casual bags or clothing.
In sewing, cord is a trimming made by twisting two or more strands of yarn together. Cord is used in a number of textile arts including dressmaking, upholstery and couching.
Lace is an openwork fabric, patterned with open holes in the work, made by machine or by hand. The holes can be formed via removal of threads or cloth from a previously woven fabric, but more often open spaces are created as part of the lace fabric. Lace-making is an ancient craft. True lace was not made until the late 15th and early 16th centuries. Originally linen, silk, gold, or silver threads were used. Now lace is often made with cotton thread. Manufactured lace may be made of synthetic fiber. A few modern artists make lace with a fine copper or silver wire instead of thread.
A ribbon is a thin band of flexible material, typically cloth but also plastic or sometimes metal, used primarily for binding and tying. Cloth ribbons, which most commonly includes silk, are often used in connection with dress, but also applied for innumerable useful, ornamental and symbolic purposes; cultures around the world use this device in their hair, around the body, or even as ornamentation on animals, buildings, and other areas.
About the Writer:
Farjana Ahmed Happy
B.Sc in Textile Engineering & Management
BGMEA University of Fashion & Technology
Garments Trims and Accessories.References: