From the title; you already know that we will discuss the Top 12 types of Technical Textile. Before that; do you know; What is Technical Textile?
Technical Textile Definition
Technical textiles are defined as textile materials and products manufactured primarily for their technical performance and functional properties rather than aesthetic and decorative characteristics.
Do you know: Technical textile is manufactured mainly from synthetic fibers and is usually a nonwoven
You may read: Synthetic Fiber Types
Types of Technical Textile
Meditech – Medical and hygiene.
Agrotech – Agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and forestry.
Buildtech – Building, and construction.
Mobiltech – Automobiles, shipping, railways and aerospace.
Protech – Property and personal protection.
Indutech – Separating and purifying industrial products.
Hometech – Technical components of household textile.
Clothtech – Technical components of clothing and footwear.
Sport-tech – Leisure and sports.
Packtech – For packaging purposes.
Oekotech – Environmental protection.
Geotech – Civil engineering and Geotextiles.
Let’s know something more. We will not describe the types in brief. But let’s have a minimum of knowledge about the types of Technical Textile.
Technical Textile Types
What is Meditech?
Medical textiles are the textile materials such as fibers, yarns, and fabrics that support Meditech (area of application) with healthcare; hygiene, infection control, barrier materials; polymeric Implants, medical devices, and smart technologies.
Medical textiles help with a variety of products in handling medical practices and procedures such as treating an injury and dealing with a medical environment or situation. It also includes fibers for growing human organic tissues.
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What is Agrotech?
Technical textiles are used extensively during the production of food. It also used in the fishing industry as nets, ropes, and lines. Technical textiles are used in agriculture and horticulture for a variety of coverage, protection, and containment applications.
Agro-textiles helps to improve the overall conditions with which crop can develop and be protected.
There are various textile products; fabrics forms, fibers, and techniques used in agro-textiles that are useful for agriculture mainly for crop protection.
Also in crop development for instance shade nets, thermal insulation, sunscreen materials; windshield, antibird nets, which provide minimal shading and proper temperature; air circulation for protecting plants from direct sunlight and birds.
What is Buildtech?
During the construction of buildings, both temporary and permanent bridges, tunnels, and roads, textiles are employed in so many ways. It is a closely related but distinct area of use is in geotextiles by the civil engineering sector.
It’s a matter of great pleasure that; nonwoven glass and polyester fabrics are already vastly used in rooﬁng applications; whereas the other textiles are used as breathable membranes to prevent moisture penetration of walls. In building and equipment, insulation fibers and textiles play a major role.
Do you know; This area is also referred to as textile architecture?
What is Mobiltech?
These textiles are used in the construction of automobiles, lashing belts for cargo tie-downs, seat covers (knitted materials); seat belts, nonwovens for cabin air filtration; airbags, parachutes, boats (inflatable), air balloons.
These textiles are used in automobiles, ships, and aircraft. Many coated and reinforced textiles are used in materials for engines such as air ducts; timing belts, air filters, non-wovens for engine sound isolation.
A number of materials are also used in the interior of cars. The most obvious are seat covers, safety belts, and airbags but one can find textiles also for the sealing. Nylon gives strength and its bursting strength being high is used as airbags in cars.
What is Protech?
The main target of the technical protective fabrics is to improve people’s safety in their workplaces. A piece of technical protective fabric can save a worker’s life; that’s why most of them are mainly used to manufacture PPE (personal protective equipment).
Nowadays it can be found in the market, technical fabrics which protect of:
- High temperatures (insulating, firefighters)
- burns (flame, convective and radiant heat, firefighters, ATEX area)
- Electric arc flash discharge (plasma explosion, Electric companies)
- molten metal impacts (foundries)
- metal sparks (welding)
- acid environment (petrochemical, gas, refineries, chemical)
- bullet impact (military, security)
- cut resistant (gloves, glass industry)
- astronaut’s suits
- Leftover food packets
- Paid banks
Technical Textile Types
What is Indutech?
Industrial products and components include ﬁlters; conveyor belts, and abrasive belts as well as reinforcements for printed circuit boards; seals and gaskets, and other industrial equipment.
Technical textiles for Lifting applications. Used in process of lifting heavy goods. The textile produced is strongly woven with High tenacity yarns and the fabric is treated with heat and high temperature controlling its elongations.
What is Hometech?
Textiles used in a domestic environment – interior decoration and furniture; carpeting, protection against the sun, cushion materials, fireproofing, pillows, floor and wall coverings, textile reinforced structures.
Hollow ﬁbers with excellent insulating characteristics are vastly used in bedding and sleeping bags.
What is Clothtech?
Technical textiles for clothing applications. In the textile and apparel industry, clothing components include ﬁber, yarn, and textiles which are used as technical components during apparel manufacturing.
Those clothing components are sewing threads, wadding and interlinings; and insulation. It should be noted here that, the clothing component does not include the main outer and lining fabrics of apparel, nor does it cover protective apparel or clothing.
Types of Technical Textile
What is Sport-tech?
There are great opportunities for the uses of technical textiles in sports and leisure market as performance clothing and footwear.
The others highly visible uses of technical textiles as sports and leisure are parachute; balloon fabrics and para-glide fabrics and sailcloth.
Note: Shoes, sports equipment, flying and sailing sports; climbing, angling, cycling, winter and summer sports; indoor sport it can vary from anything including sports bags.
What is Packtech?
Packaging textiles are the materials such as fibers, yarns, fabrics; and polymers contribute to manufacture various packaging, silos, containers; bags, lashing straps, canvas covers, marquee tents.
What is Oekotech?
New applications for textiles in environmental protection applications – floor sealing; erosion protection, air cleaning, prevention of water pollution; water cleaning, waste treatment/recycling, depositing area construction; product extraction, domestic water sewerage plants.
What is Geo-Tech?
These are used in the reinforcement of embankments or in construction work. The fabrics in geo textiles are permeable fabrics and are used with soils having ability to separate, filter, protect or drain.
The application areas include civil engineering, earth and road construction, dam engineering, soil sealing and in drainage systems.
12 Types of Technical Textile
Technical textiles are considered to be the fastest-growing sector of the textile industrial sector. These have been developed to meet the exacting specified high-performance requirements of a specific end-use other than conventional clothing and furnishings.
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