Textile electrodes are used for various medical purposes including heart monitoring. By using the same sorts of electrodes, the electrical conduction system from both the heart and the muscles can be recorded.
The flexible electrode-skin interface was made by using textile-based electrodes which enhances user comfort at a high number. To diagnosis cardiovascular disease, an electrocardiogram (ECG) is used. However, there are some problems with wet electrodes like uncomfortable and skin irritating as they glued to the skin. Besides these, dehydrated glue can decrease the accuracy of signals.
Textile Electrodes in medical usage
Nowadays, textile-based electrodes are in great demand as they provide properties like flexibility, breathability, and comfortability. By using woven conductive textile along with stainless steel wire these electrodes are made. These electrodes are soft and breathable. The three-dimensional woven composite is formed by interlacing binding threads in the thickness direction to join the layers of warp and weft. It holds the structure of conductive textile and makes the capacitor stable because it has high density.
As a result, it makes the ECG signals better. For the purpose of collecting the electrical signals from the heart, three electrodes are placed on the body. Two of them are set close to the heart and the other is on the right abdomen which is known as the reference electrode. These textile-based electrodes are more comfortable as they do not require direct body contact.
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Textile Electrodes in Medical Usage