Rib Fabric | Types and Characteristics |
Rib fabric is a type of weft-knitted plain fabric. Rib fabric has no face or backside because both sides look exactly the same. Do you know why?
The number of knit and purl stripes (wales) are generally equal, although they need not be. When they are equal, the fabric has no tendency to curl, unlike the stockinette stitch. That’s why; ribbing looks the same on both sides and is useful for garments such as scarves.
In knitting, ribbing is a pattern in which vertical stripes of stockinette stitch alternate with vertical stripes of reverse stockinette stitch.
Ribbing is notated by (number of knit stitches) × (number of purl stitches). Thus, 1×1 ribbing has one knit stitch, followed by one purl stitch, followed by one knit stitch, and so on.
Characteristics of Rib Fabric
(1) Rib is produced by two sets of needles being alternately set orated between each other.
(2) The simplest rib in (1 * 1) rib
(3) It is now normally knitted with two sets of latch needles and known as double jersey fabric.
(4) Rib has a vertical cord appearance
(5) Relaxed 1 x 1 rib is twice as thick and half the width of an equivalent plain fabric.
(6) 1 x 1 rib normally relaxes by 30% compound with its knitting width.
(7) Rib cannot be unmoved from the end knitted first because the sinker loops are securely anchored by the cross meshing between the face and reverse loop.
(8) It is used for loops for socks, cuffs of sleeves, rib border for garments.
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