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What is Natural Fiber?

Properties and uses of Natural Fibre

Introduction

In this blog post, we will describe What is Natural Fiber. Before that, Do you know the Difference between Fiber and Textile Fiber? If no, you may read: Textile Fiber-Types, Properties and Classification | Natural Fiber is one of the major types of Textile Fiber.

 

Definition of Natural Fiber: 

Natural Fibers are those fibers, that come from plants, animal, or mineral sources. Natural Fibers are eco-friendly and renewable. Also, they are light and biodegradable.

 

Do you know what is the oldest Natural Fiber? 

Flax fiber is the oldest natural fiber. Flax fiber is also known as Linen fiber. Ancient Egyptian used to cover mummy with Flax Fabric. 

They used to draw pictures using natural pigment and dye.

 

You may read Dyeing in Textile | Types, and Methods |

Examples of Natural Fiber

Now let’s move to the next point; The Types of Natural Fiber. 

 

Natural Fiber Types

 

We can classify Natural Fibers into three categories. They are as follow;

  • Plant Fiber

  • Animal Fiber

  • Mineral Fiber

 

Top 20 Examples of Natural Fiber

 
  1. Cotton The King of All Fiber

  2. Silk The Queen of All Fiber

  3. Lotus silk Fiber

  4. Milk Fiber

  5. Jute Fiber

  6. Hemp Fiber

  7. Kenaf Fiber

  8. Ramie Fiber

  9. Roselle Fiber

  10. Sunn Hemp Fiber

  11. Urena Fiber

  12. Flax Fiber

  13. Abutilon Fiber

  14. Abaca Fiber

  15. Pineapple Fiber

  16. Banana Fiber

  17. Coffee Fiber

  18. Orange Fiber-Innovation of Textile Fiber

  19. Coconut Fiber\ Coir Fiber

  20. Milkweed Fiber 

 

What is Plant Fiber?

 

Plant Fibers have been used from time immemorial. It comes from the different parts of a plant. Over the years, using fabrics made from plants have become a trend. More manufacturers prefer using plant-based textile fabrics as they are environmentally friendly.

Plant Fibers are also classified into two major categories. 

  • Bast Fiber and 

  • Seed Fiber

 

Bast Fiber

Bast fibers are collected from the stem or phloem of the plant. Usually, using Retting Process bast fibers are collected. We also call bast fiber, Stem Fiber / Phloem Fiber.

Jute Fiber is one of the most using Bast Fiber. 

If you want to learn more about Bast Fiber, 

You May Read: 

 

Seed Fiber 

We can have an idea from the name; what seed fiber is. Seed fiber is obtained from the deed of the plants. Cotton Fiber is the best example of seed fiber. 

You may read: List of Seed Fiber

Let’s move on to the next category.

 

What is Animal Fiber?

Animal fibers are those, that are derived from animals. The common sources of animal fibers are sheep, goats, rabbits, and camels as their fibers are very soft. On the other hand, fibers coming from horses, pigs, and cows are less soft.

We can classify animal fibers into silk and wool fiber. 

Silk was discovered in a cup of tea-Do you know?

 

Mineral Fiber

A general term for any nonmetallic, inorganic fibers. Examples of mineral fibers are Asbestos, graphite,  and glass. Asbestos occurs naturally as fibers. 

That’s all for today. If you have any question or opinion, leave a comment below.

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FAQ

Natural Fibers are those fibers, that come from plants, animal, or mineral sources. Natural Fibers are eco-friendly and renewable. Also, they are light and biodegradable.

We can classify Natural Fibers into three categories. They are as follow;

  • Plant Fiber

  • Animal Fiber

  • Mineral Fiber

Top 5 Examples of Natural Fiber are

  1. Cotton  Fiber

  2. Silk  Fiber

  3. Lotus silk Fiber

  4. Milk Fiber

  5. Jute Fiber

Flax fiber is the oldest of all Natural Fiber. 

Silk Fiber is one of the strongest Natural Fiber.