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Top 20 Natural Fiber

Top 20 Natural Fiber

Abstract 

Top 20 Natural Fiber; Natural fibers are made from plant, animal, or mineral sources. Natural fibers can be classified according to their origin. They include the following:

 

Top 20 Natural Fiber

 

  1. Cotton The King of All Fiber

  2. Silk The Queen of All Fiber

  3. Lotus silk Fiber

  4. Milk Fiber

  5. Jute Fiber

  6. Hemp Fiber

  7. Kenaf Fiber

  8. Ramie Fiber

  9. Roselle Fiber

  10. Sunn Hemp Fiber

  11. Urena Fiber

  12. Flax Fiber

  13. Abutilon Fiber

  14. Abaca Fiber

  15. Pineapple Fiber

  16. Banana Fiber

  17. Coffee Fiber

  18. Orange Fiber-Innovation of Textile Fiber

  19. Coconut Fiber\ Coir Fiber

  20. Milkweed Fiber

  21. Palf Fiber | Properties and Uses |

 

Top 20 Natural Fiber

1. Cotton Fiber

Cotton is a soft fiber that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant. This fiber grows in the seed pod or boll of the cotton plant. Each fiber is a single elongated cell that is flat twisted and ribbon-like with a wide inner hollow (lumen).

You May Read: Properties and Uses of Cotton Fiber.

 

2. Silk Fiber

Silk is known as the Queen of all textile fibers because of its luster. It is one of the most beautiful and precious fibers. But do you know; how silk was discovered?

Read: Discovery of Silk Fiber

 

3. Lotus Silk

Lotus silk is one of the rarest fabrics in the world, produced only on small scale across Cambodia, Myanmar, and, more recently, Vietnam. Extracting fibers from lotus stems has been in practice since 1910.

Read: Lotus silk Fiber-Properties and Uses

 

4. Milk Fiber 

Milk Fiber was firstly introduced in 1930 in Italy & America to compete with wool. It is also known as Casein  Fiber or milk wool.

Read: Milk Fiber- Properties and Uses

 

5. Jute Fiber:

Jute fiber is a type of plant fiber that is widely known for its ability to be spun into strong and coarse threads. This fiber has some unique physical properties like high tenacity, bulkiness, sound & heat insulation property, low thermal conductivity, antistatic property, etc. Due to these qualities, jute fiber is more suited for the manufacture of technical textiles in certain specific areas.

Read: Properties and uses of Jute fiber

 

6. Hemp Fiber:

Natural and organic fibers become more and more popular these years.  Hemp fiber is one of the most environmentally friendly fibers.  These fibers are cellulosic fibers. Hemp fibers are one of the strongest and most durable among all of the natural textile fibers. 

Read : Hemp Fiber | Properties | Uses | Extraction Process |

 

7. Kenaf Fiber

Kenaf is primarily grown for its fiber. It has an amazing ability to grow up to 14 feet in one growing season, yielding around 6 to 10 tons of fiber per acre. fibers in kenaf are usually found in the bark, which constitutes 40% of the plant, and at the core which makes 60% of the plant.

Read: Kenaf Fiber Properties and Uses

 

8. Ramie Fiber:

Ramie (pronounced Ray-me) is one of the oldest vegetable fibers and has been used for thousands of years. It was used for Chinese burial shrouds over 2,000 years ago, long before cotton was introduced in the Far East. The ramie plant has been cultivated in eastern Asia for fiber since prehistoric times.

Read: Ramie Fiber | Properties | Uses | Production |

 

9. Roselle Fiber:

Roselle fiber is a type of natural fiber. It can be utilized as a potential reinforcement filler in polymer composites for different applications. It is a bast fiber that has great economical importance.

Read: Roselle Fiber Properties and Uses

 

 

10. Sunn Hemp Fiber

Crotalaria juncea, known as brown hemp, Indian hemp, Madras hemp, or sunn hemp Fiber. Sunn is likely native to the Indian subcontinent; where it has been cultivated since prehistoric times. The sunn plant is not true hemp.

Read: Sunn Hemp Fiber | History | Application, and Uses |

 

 

Top 20 Natural Fiber

11. Urena Fiber

Urena Fiber is a bast fiber. It is one of the oldest fibers. The bast fiber from Urena lobata is widely used traditionally for making cordage and coarse textiles. And industrially as a substitute for jute (Corchorus spp.); for instance to make sacks; carpets, cordage, and upholstery.

Read : Urena Fiber | Properties and Uses |

 

12. Flax Fiber

Flax is also called Linen. The fiber is obtained from the stalk of a plant which is from 80 to 120 cm high, with few branches and small flowers, of a color that varies from white to intense blue, which flowers only for one day. Common flax was one of the first crops domesticated by man.
 
 
 
 

13. Abutilon Fiber

China is a large, agricultural nation with more than 100 kinds of bast fiber plants. Chinese Abutilon theophrasti fiber (AF) ranks first in the world for yield; however, its application in the textile field is limited due to its characteristics.  It is also known as Abutilon Fiber.

Read: Abutilon Fiber | History | Production |

 

14. Abaca Fiber:

Abaca Fiber is extracted from the stalk of the plant. It is also known as Manila hemp. It is a Musasea family plant native to Asia and planted in humid areas including in the Philippines and East of Indonesia. Abaca fibers are extensively used to produce ropes, woven fabrics, tea bags, etc. It is also called biodegradable and sustainable fiber.

Read: Abaca Fiber | Properties and Uses

 

Top 20 Natural Fiber

15. Pineapple Fiber

Pineapple is a fruit that is known to all. We think that only fruit is useful and other parts of the fruit are garbage. What we think is wrong. We can produce fiber from pineapple leaf which is known as Pineapple fiber or pina fiber and is a natural fiber also.

Read: Pineapple Fiber | Properties and Uses |

 

16.Banana Fiber

Banana fiber is a natural fiber.  It is a lignocellulosic fiber. It is obtained from the pseudo-stem of the banana plant (Musa sepientum). Banana fiber has been used historically to produce our clothes; carpets, cordage, paper, ship sails; and insulation and building materials.

Read: Banana Fiber | Properties | Uses | Production |

 

17. Coffee Fiber

Globally, coffee production is estimated to be responsible for upwards of 23 million tons of waste per year. This waste can be recycled in textiles by making Coffee fiber and fabric.  

Read: Coffee Fiber Application and Uses

 

 

18. Orange Fiber

In Italy alone, a country that produces nearly two million tons of oranges per year, some 700,000 tons of orange juice leftovers, such as pulp and peels, goes to waste every year. The article is about Orange Fiber Fabric.

Read: Orange Fiber-Innovation of Textile Fiber

 

19. Milkweed Fiber 

The milkweed plant produces a fiber that can be used by spinners. Milkweeds are a native perennial in North America. The seed pods produce a silky lightweight fuzz, called silk or floss.

Read:  Milkweed Fiber | Properties| Uses |

 

20. Sugarcane Fiber

Sugarcane Fiber is also known as Sugarcane Bagasse Fiber. Bagasse is the dry pulpy fibrous residue that remains after sugarcane or sorghum stalks are crushed to extract their juice.

Read: Sugarcane Fiber| Properties and Uses |

FAQ

Most Frequently Asked Questions on this topic are given below. 

Natural fibers or Natural fibres are fibers are those fibers that are  produced from plants, animals or mineral. 

Top 5 examples of Natural Fibers are, 

  • Cotton Fiber
  • Flax Fiber
  • Silk Fiber
  • Jute Fiber
  • Orange Fiber

Corn Fiber is not a natural fiber.  It is a man-made fiber. 

 

You may read: Corn Fiber-Applications  and Uses

Silk Fiber is one of the strongest natural fiber. Silk fiber is called the queen of all fiber. 

Do you know, Silk Fiber was discovered from a cup of tea?