Ad
Ad
Ad

Textile Fiber | Types, Properties and Classification |

Textile Fiber-leartex

Introduction

 

Are you kidding me? We already know about Textile Fiber. If these kinds of questions coming to your mind; you are on the right track. 

In this blog post, we will discuss some key points that are important for a textile learner. Lets a have a flash view of the questions. 

  • What is Textile Fiber? 

  • Difference between Fiber and Textile Fiber.

  • Properties of Textile Fiber.

  • Classification of Textile Fibers.

  • Type of textile fiber. 

  • List of Textile Fiber.

What! Are you going to describe all these points? It is impossible to read a post like this. Maybe these types of questions coming to your mind.   

Don’t Worry. We will try to make our lesson easy and interesting. So let’s dive into the knowledge ocean. 

 You may read Dyeing in Textile | Types, and Methods |

What is a Textile Fiber

Textile fiber is a material mainly made from natural or synthetic sources.

Fiber is defined as one of the delicate, hair portions of the tissues of a plant or animal or other substances that are very small in diameter in relation to their length.

A fiber having a high length to diameter ratio, cohesiveness; strength, elasticity absorbency, strength softness, etc is called Textile Fiber.

Definition of Textile Fiber:

The material which consists of fibrous structure and length is a thousand times higher than its width. And which can be spun into yarns suitable for weaving or knitting is classified as Textile Fiber.

To become a textile fiber, it must have some fundamental properties:

  1. It should have a fibrous structure and its length should be a thousand times higher than its width.
  2. It must have sufficient strength, elasticity, and spinning power.
  3. Textile Fiber should have a fine structure and flexible.
  4. It should have dyeability.
  5. It should be economical.

Oh! It’s too short. Describe in brief. If you are thinking the same thing; please have patience. It’s just the key properties. 

Difference between fiber and textile fiber

 

Textile fiber can be spun into a yarn or made into a fabric by various methods including weaving, knitting, braiding, felting, and twisting.

Textile fibers must be flexible. Wood fibers (unless processed, as into pulp) do not bend easily—you cannot make fabrics from slivers! Textile fibers are also very thin—long in relation to the diameter.

To be mechanically spun into yarn—drawn out and twisted—staple fibers must have sufficient length, strength, and cohesiveness (fiber-to-fiber friction).

Properties of Textile Fiber

 

Oh boy! you are confusing me. You have already said the key properties. Is this question arising in your mind? 

Exactly that was the key properties. Let’s know some important properties of Textile Fiber. 

Strength:

The strength of any material is determined by breaking strength, which expressed as force per unit cross sectional area with this term, we may describe the ability of a bundle of fiber or yarn, to resist breakage under tension. In the case of a single fiber, strength is described as tenacity,

Tenacity= (Breaking load/Mass per unit length).

Elongation:

When a fiber is subjected to a force. It will stretch to a certain degree. The stretching is described as elongation or extension. It can be measured either as elongation under a certain load or as the elongation reached under the fiber breaks. It is exposed in percentage.

Elasticity:

The behavior of fiber is expressed by elastic recovery. When a fiber is stretched by a force. It will elongate and after releasing the force. It will return to its original length or to an elongated form. This is expressed in percentage. The elastic recovery of a fiber depends on what load is applied and how many times it is held in the stretched position.

Moisture Regain:

All fiber absorbs moisture when in contact with the atmosphere. The weight of moisture present in a textile material is expressed as a percentage of its oven-dry weight.

Thermal:

The behavior of fibers or heating has real importance particularly within the range of temperatures that one met in practical use. Fabrics should withstand the temperature used in processing drying, ironing without under deterioration.

Chemical:

Processing of fibers, yarns, and fabric often involves the use of chemicals in great variety. Bleaching agents, detergents, alkalis, acids, dyeing assistants; and other chemicals are used in preparing the finished textile. The fiber itself must be able to withstand that substance without suffering harmful effects.

Classification of Textile Fibers

Are you going to tell us about Natural fiber and Manmade fiber? 

Actually no. According to fibers length; Textile Fibers are classified into two categories. 

  1. Staple Fiber and 

  2. Filament Fiber

Staple fibers are short where Filament fibers are long in length. The questions may be arising in your mind;

  • What is Staple Fiber

  • Properties of Staple Fiber

  • What is Filament Fiber

  • Properties of Filament Fiber

  • Difference between Staple and Filament Fiber 

Come’on dont make so lenthy. Yeah; to make the concept clear we have menioned these questions. In our new blog post we will try to cover up the answers. 

So stay tuned. 

Let’s get back to the topic. 

Types of Textile Fiber

What do you mean by types of Textile Fibers ? You have already classified Textile Fibers in two categories. 

Yes, you are right. But that was according to fiber length. Actually Textile Fibers are classifed in two categoris; according to the source; they are collected. 

  • Naturl Fiber 

  • Manmade Fiber 

Hey, Do you know; we can classify Natural Fiber in two categories and man-made fiber in also three categories. 

Textile Fibers Type
Natural Fiber  Manmade Fiber
  •  Plant-based Fiber or Bast Fiber
  • Animal-based Fiber
  • Mineral Fiber
  • Cellulosic
  • Semi-synthetic
  • Synthetic

Oh, my God. I can’t read a vast amount os post. 

Please don’r do that. Dont give up. We will not describe these terms in brief. In this post we will just give an overview. 

Natural fibers

Natural fibers come from plant and animal fibers. They are eco-friendly and renewable. Also, natural fibers are light and biodegradable. 

You May Read: Top 20 Natural Fiber

1. Plant-based

Over the years, using fabrics made from plants have become a trend. More manufacturers prefer using plant-based textile fabrics as they are environmentally friendly.

Here are some of the best plant-based textile fibers:

 

You may read: List of Bast Fiber

 

Animal-based

Textiles made from this fiber usually come from the fur or skin of animals. 

The common sources of animal fibers are sheep, goats, rabbits, and camels as their fibers are very soft. On the other hand, fibers coming from horses, pigs, and cows are less soft.

Mineral Fiber

A general term for any nonmetallic, inorganic fibers. Examples of mineral fibers are Asbestos, graphite, and glass. Asbestos occurs naturally as fibers. 

Man-made fibers

Man-made fibers can be cellulosic, semi-synthetic, or synthetic.

4. Cellulosic

Cellulosic fibers are extracted from the cellulose found in woody plants. This material is mixed with caustic soda and carbon disulfide then processed through a spinneret to create the fibers.

Viscose is the most common type of cellulose.

5. Semi-synthetic

Semi-synthetic fibers are created from natural materials and are reformed by chemical processes. Some of the semi-synthetic fibers are Acetate, Triacetate, and Promix.

6. Synthetic

Scientists make Synthetic fiber chemically;  from gas, alcohol, water, and petroleum.

Synthetic fibers are cheaper and can be a replacement for natural fibers. With this, the demand for synthetic fabrics has dramatically increased.

We are extremly sorry for making this post learge. But we have no choice. Let’s finish by having a short view of List of Textile Fiber. 

List of Textile Fiber

 

We want to have a list of 100 Textile fiber. But not in this post. 

Let’s see top 25 Textile Fiber List. 

  1. Cotton The King of All Fiber

  2. Silk The Queen of All Fiber

  3. Lotus silk Fiber

  4. Milk Fiber

  5. Jute Fiber

  6. Hemp Fiber

  7. Kenaf Fiber

  8. Ramie Fiber

  9. Roselle Fiber

  10. Sunn Hemp Fiber

  11. Urena Fiber

  12. Flax Fiber

  13. Abutilon Fiber

  14. Abaca Fiber

  15. Pineapple Fiber

  16. Banana Fiber

  17. Coffee Fiber

  18. Orange Fiber-Innovation of Textile Fiber

  19. Coconut Fiber\ Coir Fiber

  20. Milkweed Fiber

  21. Palf Fiber | Properties and Uses |

  22. Nylon Fiber |Properties and Uses |

  23. Spandex Fiber

  24. Polyester Fiber | Properties and Uses 

  25. Corn Fiber-Applications  and Uses

  Fun Fact: Do you know, Corn Fiber is a manmade fiber?   

Textile FIber Conclusion:

  Thanks for remaining with us. Hope now you know the answers of these questions.
  • What is Textile Fiber? 

  • Difference between Fiber and Textile Fiber.

  • Properties of Textile Fiber.

  • Classification of Textile Fibers.

  • Type of textile fiber. 

  • List of Textile Fiber.

  If you have any questions / doubt leave a comment below.  You may follow us on : Google News

You May Also Read:

 
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin