Satin fabric is also known as Silk Satin Fabric. Satin became famous in Europe during the twelfth century. In this blog post; we will discuss the advantages of Satin Fabric.

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Key Advantages of Satin


We are describing the main advantages of satin (this is true for cotton satin):

• The fabric is hygienic and absorbs moisture well. The human body under such a tissue “breathes”.

• Low thermal conductivity allows in summer in clothes made of satin not to overheat. In winter, the satin fabric retains a pleasant physiological body temperature.

• Matter is light, soft, airy, creates a feeling of comfort.

• Durability of the fabric allows to erase it repeatedly. Only in the fourth hundred pieces of washing can the gloss begin to fade.

• Matter does not crease, forms natural draped folds.

• Satin fabric made from natural fibers is environmentally friendly, does not cause allergic reactions.


Advantages of Silk Satin Fabric


We are describing the main advantages of satin (this is true for silk satin):

 Satin Fabric indeed feels as good it looks. Satin made entirely from silk can breathe as fabrics made from natural fibers do, and it doesn’t attract static electricity. Some key advantages of Satin Fabric are;


Satin has a luxurious look and feel – this is often the key advantage and who it is chosen.

It is also versatile, as shown by the different types of satin and sateen listed above, and it can be durable, the taut nature of the fabric stronger than many plain weaves.

Satin is also wrinkle-resistant, this especially true of thicker satins.

Satin is also a material that can be printed on, with high-quality, vibrant colors and images – this creates the perfect combination of a soft, luxurious look and feels and a vibrant pattern printed onto the surface.



What It’s Good For


With its luxurious sheen, satin works well for home decor and crafts such as fabric flowers and wedding favors. Fibers that “float” above others in their weave gives the fabric its silky texture.

Crepe-back satin is a classic lightweight fabric that suits contemporary fashions, period costumes, and vintage-inspired clothing. It flatters most figure types.

Satin creates contrast with other dressy fabrics, such as velvet, tulle, and lace. “Antique satin,” heavy and reversible, has one smooth and one textured side. Its rich look works well as an accent fabric or lining for capes, jackets, lapels, and smoking jackets.

“Slipper satin” is a durable version with a high thread count; commonly used for wedding dresses and other formal attire.



Rattan Fiber is a type of material that is used in wicker weaves. Rattan is a naturally growing vine-like species that is native to tropical regions of Australia, Asia, and Africa. For production use, the skin is peeled away and utilized for weaving purposes. Rattan has been used for furniture because it is lightweight, durable, flexible, and attractive.


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Chemical Properties of Rattan Fiber


Generally, rattan stem consists of holoselulosa (71 – 76%), cellulose (39 – 58%), lignin (18 – 27%) and  longa (0,54 – 8%) as well as starch (18 – 23%). Chemical contents of 16 rattan species shown in Table 5. Cellulose and lignin contents correlate significantly with rattan strength.


Uses of Rattan 


Because it is light, durable, and relatively flexible, rattan is used for a range of purposes:

  • Food: The inner core as well as the shoot of some of the rattan species is edible.
  • Furniture: Furniture is the main end product of rattan.
  • Shelter: Rattan is an approved material for house building in rural areas.
  • Handicraft: Handicraft, besides furniture, provides the main income of the rattan industry.

The skin of rattan strands is peeled off and used for weaving, while the “core” of the rattan can be used for various purposes in furniture making (wicker).

Some rattan fruits exude a red resin called dragon’s blood. This resin was once considered to have medicinal properties and was also used as a dye for violins.

In 2010, scientists pioneered a new “wood to bone” process for the production of artificial bone made of rattan.


Physical and Mechanical Properties of Rattan 


Physical and mechanical properties is the most important properties of rattan. The physical properties of rattan are closely related to its specific gravity. The higher the specific gravity, the greater the content of ligno-cellulosic substances resulting in the thicker fiber wall, thereby increasing the strength of rattan (Brown et al, 1952). Mechanical properties of certain material are associated with its ability to resist force or external load, and for woody or ligno-cellulosic fibrous materials, affected by thickness of fibre wall (Haygreen and Bowyer, 1982 in Subekti, 1995). 


Every textile engineer knows about woven fabric. In this article; we will discuss opportunities of woven fabric sector in Bangladesh.


The process by which we make the woven fabric is called the weaving process. Mainly, we used this process after getting yarn. This process produces woven fabric such as shirt, pant, bed cover, Sharee, etc.  

Woven Fabric Sector in Bangladesh


Once upon a time, the woven sector of Bangladesh was in the leading position. In the previous year 2017-2018,  the export value of woven fabric was 50.39% and which was 15426.25 million $ of the total worth. But now, the woven sector had seen negative growth in major export destinations like Germany and the US.


Opportunities of Woven Fabric Sector in Bangladesh


The government has set a goal to achieve 50 billion total exports by 2021. There is a big demand for woven fabric approximately 3 billion meters considering the current consumption for export per year.  But local mills can produce 45 million meters of fabric which is around 14-15% of demand.
Bangladesh is spending almost 4 billion $ on import fabric. So, we can say there is a huge gap in the demand and supply of woven fabric.
This article is showing you the calculation and how big opportunities we have in the woven sector. Here I’m giving a shortlist of the factories whereas produce woven fabric products such as,


  • AB Textiles Mills (BD.) Ltd.
  • Euro Bangla group 
  •  Greenway Resources 
  •  3ntextiles
  • Prime Tex International 


The calculation is given from Textile Today
About the Writer: 
Touhiduzzaman Tonmoy 
BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology (BUFT)
Department of Textile Engineering 
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Textile based flexible electrodes are used for various medical purposes including heart monitoring. By using the same sorts of electrodes, the electrical conduction system from both the heart and the muscles can be recorded.

The flexible electrode-skin interface was made by using textile-based electrodes which enhances user comfort at a high number. To diagnosis cardiovascular disease, an electrocardiogram (ECG) is used. However, there are some problems with wet electrodes like uncomfortable and skin irritating as they glued to the skin. Besides these, dehydrated glue can decrease the accuracy of signals.


Textile Electrode

Textile Electrodes in medical usage

Nowadays, textile-based electrodes are in great demand as they provide the properties like flexibility, breathability, and comfortability. By using woven conductive textile along with stainless steel wire these electrodes are made. These electrodes are soft and breathable. The three-dimensional woven composite is formed by interlacing binding threads in the thickness direction to join the layers of warp and weft. It holds the structure of conductive textile and makes the capacitor stable because it has high density.

As a result, it makes the ECG signals better. For the purpose of collecting the electrical signals from the heart, three electrodes are placed on the body. Two of them are set close to the heart and the other is on the right abdomen which is known as the reference electrode. These textile-based electrodes are more comfortable as they do not require direct body contact.


About the Author

Textile Electrodes in Medical Usage 

Fahmida Tisha

 Dyes and Chemical Engineering 
Bangladesh University of Textiles – BUTEX
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স্বভাবতই মনে প্রশ্ন আসে একজন নাপিত কিভাবে স্পিনিং মেশিনের আবিষ্কারক হয়? স্যার রিচার্ড আর্করাইট

প্রাথমিক জীবন 

১৭৩২ সালে জন্ম নেয়া রিচার্ড জীবনে লেখাপড়ার সুযোগ পান নি;  ১০ বছর বয়সে নাপিত এর কাজ শিখা শুরু করে এবং নাপিত হিসেবেই ১০ বছর কর্মজীবন অব্যাহত রাখে। তার মজুরি ছিল মাত্র ১ পেনি  কিন্তু মৃত্যুর সময় তার সম্পদের পরিমান ছিল ১০ লক্ষ পাউন্ড।

স্পিনিং মেশিনের আবিষ্কারের ধারণা

১৯৬৫ সালের এক ঝড়ো রাতের গল্প দিয়ে শুরু। যুবক আর্করাইট ঝড়ের হাত থেকে বাচার আশ্রয় খুজতেছিলেন; হঠাৎ তিনি দেখেন একটা বাড়িতে মোমের আলো জ্বলছিল আর বাইরে খট খট শব্দ হচ্ছিল। বাড়িটি ছিল এক তাঁতির নাম জেমস্ হারগ্রেভস। সে নিজে অদ্ভুত ধরনের একটি সুতোকাটার কলের সাহায্যে সুতা তৈরি করছিল ;  সে রাতে কাজ করত যাতে তার বানানো মেশিন এর কথা প্রচার না হয়ে যায়। রিচার্ড যখন নিজের নাপিত পরিচয় দিল তখন জেমস্ তাকে আশ্রয় দিল;  এবং তার বানানো মেশিন খুটিয়ে খুটিয়ে দেখালো। সেখান থেকে ফিরে এসে রিচার্ড আর স্থির থাকতে পারলেন না;  তিনি ভাবতে লাগলেন কিভাবে এই যন্ত্রের উন্নতি করা যায়।

স্পিনিং মেশিনের আবিষ্কার

সালটি ছিল ১৯৬৯ রিচার্ড ৪ বছর আগে দেখে আসা সেই তাঁতির যন্ত্রের চেয়ে উন্নত যন্ত্র আবিষ্কার করেন। তাঁতির তৈরি যন্ত্র ছিল স্পিনিং মেশিনের এক অসম্পূর্ণ প্রচেষ্টা মাত্র; যেটি দিয়ে একসাথে ৭ টি সুতা কাটা যেত। এবং সুতোর গুনগত মানও ভাল ছিল না। স্যার রিচার্ড এর আবিষ্কৃত তাতঁ স্বয়ংক্রিয়ভাবে তুলো ধুনো থেকে শুরু করে সুতো তৈরি করতে পারত;  এর সাহায্যে যত খুশি সুতা কাটা যায়। এছাড়া সুতোর মানও নিয়ন্ত্রণ করা যেত।

স্যার রিচার্ড আর্করাইট
ত্যাগ ও পরিশ্রম

আর্কারাইডের আবিষ্কারটি কিন্তু সহসা হয় নি;  এ জন্য তাকে অক্লান্ত পরিশ্রম ও অনেক কাঠখড় পোড়াতে হয়েছে। তার এই আবিষ্কারের নেশার কারণে চুল কাটার ব্যবসা বন্ধ হয়ে গেছিল;  সংসারে অভাব অনটন নিয়ে স্ত্রীর সাথে সবসময় ঝগড়া লেগেই থাকতো। রিচার্ডের মাথা থেকে আবিষ্কারের ভূত তাড়ানোর জন্য তার স্ত্রী স্পিনিং মেশিনটি ভাঙে ফেলেছিলেন;  রিচার্ড এতে মর্মাহত হলেও ভেঙে পড়েন নি। অসীম ধৈর্য নিয়ে পুনরায় তার মেশিনটি বানিয়ে ফেলেন।

রিচার্ড থেকে স্যার রিচার্ড আর্করাইট

তার বানানো যন্ত্রটি খুব শীঘ্রই চতুর্দিকে সাড়া ফেলে দেয়। তাঁতের কুটির শিল্প শিল্পকারখানায় রূপান্তরিত হতে লাগলো;  তিনিই মূলত শিল্পবিপ্লবের নায়ক। তার অবদানের জন্যই শুরু হয় নতুন অর্থনৈতিক যুগের;  তার কাজের স্বীকৃতি স্বরূপ ১৭৮৬ সালে বৃটিশ সাম্রাজ্যের তৃতীয় জর্জ তাকে নাইট উপাধিতে ভূষিত করেন;  আর নাপিত রিচার্ড হয়ে গেলেন স্যার রিচার্ড আর্কারাইড।

চোখ ধাধানো কিছু তথ্য

  • শোনা যায় রিচার্ড ৫০ বছর বয়সে স্কুলে ভর্তি হয়েছিলেন।
  • মহান বিজ্ঞানী ও শিল্পপতি হবার পরেও দৈনিক আঠারো থেকে বিশ ঘন্টা পরিশ্রম করতেন।

Source: The 101 Scientist

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Revolutionary Ideas of Textiles. Some revolutionary ideas of Textiles include E-Textiles, Smart Textiles, Nano fabrics. Evolution of Textile.




Often, you hear about e-commerce, e-banking, e-mail, e-learning, but have you ever heard about the term “E-Textile”? If you not, then let’s know about e-textile.

The term e-textile stands for “Electronic Textiles”. Electronic textiles are fabrics that enable digital components such as a battery and light and electronics to be inserted in them. Electronic textiles are a recognizable form and wearable computing because the emphasis is placed on the consistent unification of textiles with electronic elements like microcontrollers, sensors, and actuators. Furthermore, e-textiles need not be wearable. For instance, e-textiles are also found in interior design.

A new report from Cientifica Research examines the markets for textile-based wearable technologies, the companies producing them, and the enabling technologies. The report identifies three distinct generations of textile wearable technologies:

These are:

  • First-generation: Attach a sensor to apparel. This approach is currently taken by sportswear brands such as Adidas, Nike, and Under Amour


  • Second-generation: Products embed the sensor in the garment, as demonstrated by current products from Samsung, Alphabet, Ralph Lauren, and Flex.


  • Third-generation: Wearable, the garment is the sensor. A growing number of companies are creating pressure, strain, and temperature sensors for this purpose.

Future applications for e-textiles may be developed for sports and well-being products, and medical devices for patient monitoring. Technical textiles, fashion, and entertainment will also be significant applications.



Revolutionary Ideas of Textiles


Some examples of E-Textiles


Smart Textiles

The term ‘smart textiles’ is derived from intelligent or smart materials. The concept ‘smart material’ was defined for the first time in Japan in 1989. The first textile material that was labeled as a ‘smart textile’ was silk thread having a shape memory. The inventory of shape-memory materials in the 1960s and intelligent polymeric gels in the 1970s were generally accepted as the birth of real smart materials.

Pailes-Friedman of the Pratt Institute states that “what makes smart fabrics revolutionary is that they have the ability to do many things that traditional fabrics cannot, including communicate, transform, conduct energy, and even grow”.

Smart textiles are described into mainly two categories: 

  1. Aesthetic.  
  2. Performance enhancing. 


Aesthetic smart textiles:


The fabrics that light up and fabrics that can change color are included into aesthetic smart textiles. Some of these fabrics gather energy from the environment by harnessing vibrations, sound, or heat, reacting to these inputs. Electronics that can power the fabric can be also inserted to change the color and lighting scheme of smart textile. 


Performance enhancing:


The fabrics that are used in those fields in which the enhancing of performance is needed with the collaboration of body, surrounding environment are identified as performance-enhancing smart textiles.  They can be used in athletic, extreme sports, and military applications which are performance-enhancing fields. These textiles are customized for use in these include fabrics designed to regulate body temperature, reduce wind resistance, and control muscle vibration. All of which may improve the above-mentioned field’s performance. 

Other fabrics have been developed for other purposes like protective clothing, guard against extreme environmental hazards (such as radiation and the effects of space travel). The health and beauty industry is also taking advantage of these innovations, which range from drug-releasing medical textiles to fabric with moisturizer, perfume, and anti-aging properties.


Revolutionary Ideas of Textiles


Some examples of smart-textiles


Nano fabrics

Nano fabrics are textiles engineered with small particles. Especially these types of fabrics are given extra-ordinary characteristics with ordinary materials advantageous properties.

These properties are: 

  • Superhydrophobicity . (extreme water resistance)
  • Odor and moisture elimination.
  • Increased elasticity and strength.
  • Bacterial resistance.

A nano fabric is either produced from fibers called nanofibers, or is created by applying a solution containing nanoparticles to a regular fabric.


Properties of Nano Fabrics:


As it is a productive unique concept of fabric,it has a definite width of less than 1000 nanometers which is often called nanofiber . In this nanofiber there are nanoparticles which can be described as a small group of atoms or molecules with a radius of less than 100 naometers . These particles have a very high surface area to volume ratio on the nanoscale. This high surface area to volume ratio is seen in very small particles what makes it possible to innovate many specific properties existed by nanofabrics. 


Nano Fabrics Manufacture Process:


Nanofabrics are predominantly manufactured with the process of “sol gel and “electro spinning”.

  • Sol gel: It is a gel like solution which is applied to textiles to create the novel properties of nanofabrics as a liquid finishing ingredient .This process begins by dissolving nanoparticles in a liquid solvent. As the solvent, mainly alcohol is used .After dissolving some chemical reactions happen to grow and form a linkage throughout the liquid .This linkage converts the solution into a colloid. In the next steps, the solid particles must undergo a drying process to remove excess solvent from the mixture so that it can be used as a fabric.

  • Electro spinning: The process in which the nanofibers are extracted from polymer solutions and assembled them to create nanowoven nanofabrics, is known as electro spinning. In the first step, to charge the polymer strands, a strong electric field is applied to the solution. After that, the solution is placed into a syringe and targeted at an oppositely charged collector plate. When the force of attraction between the polymer nanofibers and the collector plate exceed the surface tension of the solution, the nanofibers are released from the solution and gather onto the collector plate.


Revolutionary Ideas of Textiles


Applications of Nano Fabrics:


The application fields of nanofabrics are huge. It is chiefly used in:

Textile Manufacturing:

Nowadays, to produce modern textiles and RMG nanofibers are used largely. It has advantages like odor and moisture elimination , highly water resistancy , bacterial resaistancy and last but not the least , it can increase the physical strength like elasticity of a RMG .This is why. It is used to produce highly qualified hand gloves, shocks and moreover to produce our daily needed garments also. 


Drug delivery:

The nanofabrics is used in medicine delivery like antibiotics, anticancer drugs ,proteins and DNA precise quantities.It is also applied to the tissue of target area that carries the desire drug with it. The rate of the drug administered can be also changed by altering the composition of the nanofabnrics.


Tissue Engineering:

The nanofabrics which are made by electro spinning, have the potential to help in the growth of organ tissue, none, ligaments, tendons, neurons etc. It also can be used to support the damage tissue.

About the Author


Pabna Textile Engineering College

Department of Apparel Engineering


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