Acetate Fiber
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Acetate Fiber

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Acetate Fiber is the acetate ester of cellulose. It was first prepared in 1865. Cellulose acetate is used as a film base in photography, as a component in some coatings, and as a frame material for eyeglasses; it is also used as a synthetic fiber in the manufacture of cigarette filters and playing cards. In the photographic film, cellulose acetate replaced nitrate film in the 1950s, is far less flammable and cheaper to produce.

Characteristics of Acetate Fiber: 

 

  • cellulosic and thermoplastic
  • selective absorption and removal of low levels of certain organic chemicals
  • easily bonded with plasticizers, heat, and pressure
  • acetate is soluble in many common solvents (especially acetone and other organic solvents) and can be modified to be soluble in alternative solvents, including water
  • hydrophilic: acetate wets easily, with good liquid transport and excellent absorption; in textile applications, it provides comfort and absorbency but also loses strength when wet
  • acetate fibers are hypoallergenic
  • high surface area
  • made from wood pulp, a renewable resource
  • can be composted or incinerated
  • can be dyed, however special dyes and pigments are required since acetate does not accept dyes ordinarily used for cotton and rayon (this also allows cross-dyeing)
  • resistant to mold and mildew
  • easily weakened by strong alkaline solutions and strong oxidizing agents
  • can usually be washed or dry cleaned; generally does not shrink
Major End Uses of Acetate:  
  1. Apparel– Blouses, dresses, linings, special occasion apparel,
  2. Home Fashion – Draperies, upholstery, curtains, bedspreads.

Resources: https://en.wikipedia.org/